Patterns Performed by 1st Degree Black Belt

Kwang-Gae (39 movements)
kwang gaeThe pattern Kwang-Gae Is named after the famous Kwang-Gae-Toh-Wang, the 19th King of the Koguryo Dynasty, who regained all the lost territories including the greater part of Manchuria. The diagram (+) represents the expansion and recovery of lost territory. The 39 movements refer to the first two figures of 391 AD., the year he came to the throne.

PO-EUN: (36 movements)
Po EunPo-Eun is the pseudonym of a loyal subject Choong Mong-Chu (1400) who was a famous poet and whose poem “I would not serve a second master though I might be crucified a hundred times” is known to every Korean.He was also a pioneer in the field of physics. The diagram ( – ) represents his unerring loyalty to the king and country towards the end of the Koryo Dynasty.

Ge BaekGE-BAEK: (44 movements)
The pattern Ge-Baek is named after Gae-Baek, a great general in the Baek Je Dynasty (660 A.D.). The diagram ( I ) represents his severe and strict military discipline

Patterns performed by 2nd Degree Black Belts

EUI -AM: (45 movements)
Eui AmEui-Am is the pseudonym of Son Byong Hi, leader of the Korean independence movement on March1, 1919. The 45 movements refer to his age when he changed the name of Dong Hak (Oriental Culture) to Chondo Kyo(Heavenly Way Religion) in 1905. The diagram (I) represents his indomitable spirit, displayed while dedicating himself to the prosperity of his nation.

CHOONG-JANG: (52 movements)
Choong JangChoong-Jang is the pseudonym given to General Kim Duk Ryang who lived during the Lee Dynasty, 14th century. This pattern ends with a left- hand attack to symbolize the tragedy of his death at 27 in prison before he was able to reach full maturity.

JUCHE: (45 movements)
jucheJuche is a philosophical idea that man is the master of everything and decides everything, in other words, the idea that man is the master of the world and his own destiny. It is said that this idea was rooted in Baekdu Mountain, which symbolizes the spirit of the Korean people. The diagram represents Baekdu Mountain.

Alternate Meaning* (Adopted by ITF led by GM Choi Jung Hwa)

KODANG (45 Movements)

Kodang is the Pseudonym of the patriot Cho Man Shik, who dedicated his life to the Korean Independence Movement and to the education of his people.

The 45 movements represent the last two figures of 1945, the year Korea was liberated from Japanese occupation.

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